Tor stands for The Onion Router and it is named so because of the way it protects your information by enfolding it in many layers of encryption just like an onion. Tor can considerably enhance the anonymity and privacy of users online.
Phishing involves an attempt to collect your personal information with the help of misleading and false emails and websites. The main goal of attackers is to trick or mislead the recipient of the email to believe that the message is from a real source i.e. a message from their bank or a letter from their company and asking to click on a link or download an attachment.